The Following hyperlinks are from the web. If you know of an interesting historical web site please e-mail me and I will place on the website.

Ghost Towns
Indian Nations
Monuments, Landmarks, Historic Sites
National Historic Site
Registered Historic Site
State Historic Site

Lewis and Clark

Montana Firsts, Facts, and Trivia from

  1. Montana has the largest migratory elk herd in the nation.
  2. The state boasts the largest breeding population of trumpeter swans in the lower United States.
  3. At the Rocky Mountain Front Eagle Migration Area west of Great Falls more golden eagles have been seen in a single day than anywhere else in the country.
  4. North of Missoula is the largest population of nesting common loons in the western United States.
  5. The average square mile of land contains 1.4 elk, 1.4 pronghorn antelope, and 3.3 deer.
  6. The Freezeout Lake Wildlife Management Area contains as many as 300,000 snow geese and 10,000 tundra swans during migration.
  7. At Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge it is possible to see up to 1,700 nesting pelicans.
  8. The Montana Yogo Sapphire is the only North American gem to be included in the Crown Jewels of England.
  9. In 1888 Helena had more millionaires per capita than any other city in the world.
  10. 46 out of Montana's 56 counties are considered "frontier counties" with an average population of 6 or fewer people per square mile.
  11. At Egg Mountain near Choteau dinosaur eggs have been discovered supporting the theory some dinosaurs were more like mammals and birds than like reptiles.
  12. Montana is the only state with a triple divide allowing water to flow into the Pacific, Atlantic, and Hudson Bay. This phenomenon occurs at Triple Divide Peak in Glacier National Park.
  13. The notorious outlaw, Henry Plummer, built the first jail constructed in the state.
  14. No state has as many different species of mammals as Montana.
  15. The moose, now numbering over 8,000 in Montana, was thought to be extinct in the Rockies south of Canada in the 1900s.
  16. Flathead Lake in northwest Montana contains over 200 square miles of water and 185 miles of shoreline. It is considered the largest natural freshwater lake in the west.
  17. Miles City is known as the Cowboy Capitol.
  18. Yellowstone National Park in southern Montana and northern Wyoming was the first national park in the nation.
  19. The town of Ekalaka was named for the daughter of the famous Sioux chief, Sitting Bull.
  20. Fife is named after the type of wheat grown in the area or, as some locals contend, by Tommy Simpson for his home in Scotland.
  21. Fishtail is named for either a Mr. Fishtail who lived in the area or as the area Indians prefer for some of the peaks in the nearby Beartooth Mountain Range which look like the tail of a fish.
  22. The Yaak community is the most northwestern settlement in the state.
  23. Montana has the largest grizzly bear population in the lower 48 states.
  24. Near the Pines Recreation Area as many as 100 sage grouse perform their extraordinary spring mating rituals.
  25. The first luge run in North America was built at Lolo Hot Springs on Lolo Pass in 1965.
  26. Combination, Comet, Keystone, Black Pine, and Pony are names of Montana ghost towns.
  27. Virginia City was founded in 1863 and is considered to be the most complete original town of its kind in the United States.
  28. Montana is nicknamed the Treasure State.
  29. The bitterroot is the official state flower.
  30. The density of the state is six people per square mile.
  31. The highest point in the state is Granite Peak at 12,799 feet.
  32. The most visited place in Montana is Glacier National Park, known as the crown jewel of the continent. It lies along Montana's northern border and adjoins Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada, forming the world's first International Peace Park.
  33. Buffalo in the wild can still be viewed at the National Bison Range in Moiese, south of Flathead Lake and west of the Mission Mountains.
  34. Montana's first territorial capital, Bannack, has been preserved as a ghost town state park along once gold-laden Grasshopper Creek.
  35. The Old West comes to life through the brush and sculpture of famed western artist Charlie Russell at the Charles M. Russell Museum Complex in Great Falls. The museum contains the world's largest collection of Russell's work, his original log-cabin studio and his Great Falls home.
  36. The Museum of the Rockies in Bozeman gained fame through the work of its chief paleontologist, Jack Horner. Horner was the prototype for the character Dr. Alan Grant in the best selling novel/movie, "Jurassic Park."
  37. Montana's rivers and streams provide water for three oceans and three of the North American continent's major river basins.
  38. Just south of Billings, Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and his troops made their last stand. Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument features the Plains Indians and United States military involved in the historic battle.
  39. The western meadowlark is the official state bird.
  40. The first inhabitants of Montana were the Plains Indians.
  41. Montana is home to seven Indian reservations.
  42. Every spring nearly 10,000 white pelicans with a wingspan of nine feet migrate from the Gulf of Mexico to Medicine Lake in northeastern Montana.
  43. The Going to the Sun Road in Glacier Park is considered one of the most scenic drives in America.
  44. The state's official animal is the grizzly bear.
  45. The state's motto Oro y Plata means gold and silver.
  46. Montana's name comes from the Spanish word mountain.
  47. In Montana the elk, deer and antelope populations outnumber the humans.
  48. Glacier National Park has 250 lakes within its boundaries.
  49. Hill County has the largest county park in the United States. Beaver Creek Park measures 10 miles long and 1 mile wide.
  50. Competing with the D River in Lincoln City, Oregon for the title of the world's shortest river, the Roe River flows near Great Falls. Both rivers lengths vary from 58 feet to 200 feet. The source for this small river is Giant Springs, the largest freshwater spring in the United States.

Symbols Index









History Timeline


Click on the logos for access

Montana - Big Sky Country

Lewis & Clark in Montana



Perry-Castaņeda Library Map Collection Montana Maps

State Maps

  • Montana (base map) JPEG format (516K) County boundaries and names, county seats, rivers. Original scale 1:2,500,000 U.S. Geological Survey, 1972 limited update 1990
  • Montana (outline map) JPEG format (71K) County boundaries and names. U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990
  • Montana (reference map) JPEG format (268K) Shaded relief map with state boundaries, forest cover, place names, major highways. Portion of "The National Atlas of the United States of America. General Reference", compiled by U.S. Geological Survey 2001, printed 2002
  • Montana (reference map) PDF format (216K) Shaded relief map with state boundaries, forest cover, place names, major highways. Portion of "The National Atlas of the United States of America. General Reference", compiled by U.S. Geological Survey 2001, printed 2002
  • Montana - Federal Lands and Indian Reservations PDF format (1.1MB) The National Atlas of the United States of America, U.S. Geological Survey, 2003

Historical City Maps

Maps of National Parks, Monuments, and Historic Sites

The following maps were produced by the U.S. National Park Service unless otherwise noted.


Maps on Other Web Sites

State FlagState Flag and Banner

Adopted in 1905.

Colonel Kessler's needed a flag or banner to distinguish Montana Volunteers from other units. Colonel Kessler's Flag" embarked for the "Philippine Insurrection" with the First Montana Infantry in the fall of 1898, and served as the unit's chief insignia during its tour of duty. By the time the volunteers returned to a grand State welcome in October of 1899, the Colonel's private flag had grown in acceptance and stature. Montana newspapers looked upon the blue banner as an unofficial state flag. The idea of an official state flag appealed to many. The Ninth Legislative Assembly reflected that support in 1905 and proclaimed Colonel Kessler's flag official, deleting only the words "1st Montana Infantry, U.S.V. "which appeared above the seal. Under the word "Montana", on a blue field, is the state seal. The seal shows some of Montana's beautiful scenery and tells what people were doing in pioneer times. The pick, shovel and plow represent mining and farming. In the background a sun rises over mountains, forests and the Great Falls of the Missouri river. A ribbon contains the state motto "Gold and Silver".

Official description from Montana Code, Part 5 1-1-502. State flag. There is hereby established a state flag of Montana. The state flag of Montana shall be a flag having a blue field with a representation of the great seal of the state in the center and with golden fringe along the upper and lower borders of the flag; the same being the flag borne by the 1st Montana Infantry, U.S.V., in the Spanish-American War, with the exception of the device, "1st Montana Infantry, U.S.V."; and above the great seal of the state shall be the word "MONTANA" in Helvetica Bold letters of gold color equal in height to one-tenth of the total vertical measurement of the blue field.




By providing links to other sites, P2LOA.NETFIRMS does not guarantee, approve, or endorse
the information or products available on these sites.